Masai Mara Ecosystem or Biodiversity
Masai Mara Ecosystem or Biodiversity : Masai Mara has one of the most unique ecosystems not only in Kenya but Africa as a continent with the world’s recognized habitat that habits the largest wildlife. It is not easy for most guest to truly understand the eco system of Masai Mari game reserve unless he or she gets well experienced guides from reputable operators that can deeply analyze and explain it better.
The reserve is a home of more than 90 animal species besides its wide well known great species of birds with over 500 bird species recorded in the reserve. Masai mara with its big size and importance is different from other parks in that the reserve is managed by local communities hence making the 70% of the animals living outside the reserve within the community land.
The Masai Mara eco system is divided in to three namely:
The community conservancies which include Olara Orok, Ol Chorro, Naibosho and finally Mara north, these conservancies are established by both Communities and private stake holders mostly the hoteliers who own lodges around the Masai Mara. They reached in to partnership deal with the Maasai communities to protect, conserve and manage the reserve as the local communities are directly involved and benefiting them direct. All the park entrance fees paid by guests are used for achieving the management and protection of the wildlife.
The second but most popular ecosystem is the Serengeti –Masai Mara which stretches over 24,000km2 from the North of Masai Mara to the South of Serengeti in Tanzania crossing the mighty Mara River that flows across the National reserve.
Masai Mara Ecosystem hosts the spectacular dramatic wildebeest migration which is one of the wonders of the world which occurs annually from June to August when millions of wildebeest and thousands of Zebras and other animals cross the River to Kenya for mating and fresh grass and later returning back to Serengeti in around October to November.
Finally the heart of Masai Mara national Reserve which covers 2,500km2, this is part of the small area which is managed together by Kenyan Government and local community. The Masai Mara Ecosystem forms be most busy